A tiny house is much more than a small house, as these houses also reflect a beautiful philosophy of life. The movement values a minimalist lifestyle, without exaggeration, and has been gaining more and more space and supporters, including in Brazil. Get to know more about the tiny house, see its advantages and disadvantages and check out reports about the experience of living in one of them.
What is tiny house: small footage and a simple life
The tiny house movement emerged in the United States during the 90s, but it peaked in 2007, during the real estate crisis faced by the country. Currently these house models have become a trend for those looking for a simple, sustainable and more flexible life. Robson Lunardilives in a tiny house with his family and explains that “mini-houses are intentionally built with reduced dimensions of up to 37 m² to simplify people’s lives”.
Characteristics of a tiny house: a simple and borderless life
As you have seen, a tiny house has reduced footage of up to 37 m². To understand more, check out the list of features that Robson lists about mini-houses:
- reduced footage
Tiny houses can be of different styles and sizes, but above 38 m² are no longer considered in the category. Robson emphasizes that this type of construction also “provides a lifestyle with a lot of freedom, whether geographical, financial or time”.
How the tiny house works: costs and installation locations
According to Robson, a tiny house can be of three types: fixed, mobile and transportable. According to the resident, the mobile type “is the most common category in the movement, because it is an alternative in which you can choose to have the house, without having the land”. Regarding construction costs, Robson says that “the tiny houses have a slightly higher price when compared to common houses, because they use construction methods with more layers than the usual method in Brazil”.
He states that, in order to have a sustainable, practical life with freedom of mobility, the construction must have a high thermal and acoustic quality with walls with between 5 and 7 layers. This is also what differentiates a tiny house from a container house, as the material is difficult to insulate and results in a very tight space.
In terms of values, he talks about an average of R$120,000 to R$150,000, but stresses that there are “many variations and everything will depend on the project”. However, the tiny house allows for low-cost living, “because it is a small house and you will learn to live with the essentials. In addition, it is a house that will spend very little on cleaning products, electricity and water”. And he adds that the mobile modality is still exempt from IPTU.
Regarding the tiny mobile house, Robson says that “it can be on rented land, on campsites and on public roads, parked for a certain time”. In the latter case, he indicates that verification with the local municipality is necessary. In the case of fixed and transportable tiny houses, “they need to stay on their own land, because IPTU is levied”, he says.
Tiny house in Brazil: a growing movement in the country
In Brazil, the high housing costs and the long period of financing for the acquisition of a home made the supporters of this movement grow. Robson was one of the pioneers and had the first legalized mini-house in Brazil. “The fact that you have a house without having the land happens through a car documentation, which makes it not characterized as a building, despite having been built for that purpose”. He says that he managed to legalize his within the category of vehicle, type special trailer.
“The specific legislation for mobile tiny houses is from DENATRAN and INMETRO”, he points out. Standards are used to ensure electrical, plumbing and sewage safety and quality. If it is of the fixed type, it applies “local legislation, that is, municipal laws, the Master Plan or the building code”.
Advantages and disadvantages of living in a few square meters
There are many advantages to living in a tiny house, and it can be better and easier than you think, check it out:
- Optimization of environments and functions
- Allows for a low-cost life
- Short time and easy cleaning
- multifunctional furniture
- Sustainable living with little environmental impact
- Ease of dirtying environments that are normally integrated
- Not a home for just anyone/family
- less privacy
- Noises in the environments
- Difficulty adaptability and later design changes
Even with good advantages, there are also disadvantages in this type of housing. Tiny houses are a way of life, and it’s worth thinking about if you want to experiment and transform your way of life.
Experiences of living in a tiny house: what life is like in a mini house
“Living in a tiny house has brought excellent benefits for us, me and Bel [esposa] we came from a very work lifestyle, we worked a lot and we both had burnout syndrome”, recalls Robson. That’s how they started a transformation: they became adepts of slow living and started living in a tiny house. “Living like this controls me, but it gives me freedom, and I can say that the level of freedom we have today, I’ve never seen anyone have”.
In addition, he comments on other positive aspects, “it’s precisely living your life intentionally, you can choose, having the option of not doing something you don’t want to do”. He and his wife created a space for a home office, which is next to the couple’s bedroom, due to the situation of the pandemic, as they previously worked in public places, such as coffee shops and shopping centers. Robson also comments that he loves the multifunctionality of other environments: “our bathroom is not just a bathroom, it’s our laundry room, it’s also our corner to relax, because it has a hot tub”.
Another commented highlight is the dry toilet, which allows the tiny house to be parked anywhere without the need to connect to a sewer or septic tank, and without causing any environmental impact. Other waste generated, from showers, sinks and washing machines, is naturally treated by them and transformed into water to irrigate the garden produced by the company.
However, Robson says that “it’s not a house for everyone, it’s a house for those who want to socialize. We adopted what the movement proposes, as everyone participates in the maintenance of the house and learns to respect each other’s space. So, it is not enough just to respect the distance between one person and another, it is necessary to respect the noise you make”. He also reinforces that “it is a house that invites you to live the external environment and the community environment with the local community”.
He highlights the difficulty of changing clothes in the tiny house and the need to adapt to “a life in which we will increase the human relationship, respect between the family unit, contact with nature and contact with the local community , because you don’t want to live confined in a small house”.
Finally, he concludes that “basically we exchange many meters for a few square meters. In this way, we gain higher quality, in terms of construction and in terms of what it provides for our lives. In it, you actually live the tiny living”.
10 pictures of tiny house
Living within a few meters can be challenging and a lot of fun. So, check out internal and external photos to be enchanted by the tiny houses:
1. The tiny house is a house with up to 37 m²
2. The multifunctionality of the furniture stands out
3. To expand the space, lofts are built
4. Which often serve as bedrooms
5. Smart woodworking makes the difference
6. A tiny house can be very cozy
7. And have the style you prefer
8. Minimalism is also part of the decor
9. Helps focus on essentials for living
10. And you can transport the mini-house wherever you want
The tiny house goes beyond a few square meters and translates a free, minimalist lifestyle in harmony with nature. You can also implement small changes to your home to make your home sustainable.